Start in the city of Karakol. On the car to the starting point. On foot to the place for dinner. On foot to the place to sleep. Recreation.
Welcome to the city of Karakol!
Karakol is the administrative center of the Issyk-Kul region. In the years 1889-1922 and 1939-1992. Was called Przhevalsk was named after N.M. Przhevalsky. The city is known in the Country by independent States and far abroad for its recreational opportunities – Lake Issyk-Kul, a ski resort, hot springs and conditions for extreme sports (paragliding, mountain biking, mountaineering).
The beginning of the city’s history began when the city was founded on July 1, 1869, as a military administrative center on a caravan road from Chui Valley to Kashgariya, Captain Baron Kaulbars, who was given the task to choose a convenient place for a new city.
The city changed its name several times. On March 23, 1889, at the behest of the Tsar, the city of Karakol was renamed Przhevalsk, “to perpetuate in Central Asia the memory of N. M. Przhevalsky who died of typhoid fever in his 5th journey in Karakol. At his wishes, he was buried on the shore of Issyk-Kul
The city had a strict rectangular layout, each developer was charged with planting a garden and an alley in front of his house.
Until 1887, mainly clay houses were built. But after a strong earthquake in 1887, the city was built mainly wooden houses with porches, decorated with carvings. This gave the city the look of the Central Russian strip.
By 1872, 132 courtyards were built in Karakol. By 1897 the population was 8,108 inhabitants.
Among the cities of pre-revolutionary Kyrgyzstan, Karakol was a city of relatively high culture. From here the participants of numerous expeditions were sent to Central Asia, they were famous scientists and travelers.
In 1887, by I. I. Korolkov was establish the first weather station in the city of Kyrgyzstan. The first public library was opened by M. Barsov, in 1907 a stud farm was organized on the initiative of the staff captain V. A. Pianovski.
The city developed as a commercial and administrative center from an economic point of viewof the whole of the Issyk-Kul region. In 1894, 34% of the city’s total budget was the revenue from trade. At the same time, industrial enterprises began to emerge. By 1914, 60 industrial enterprises operated in the city and its environs, but they were mostly small.
In 1922, the city was returned to the name of Karakol, but in 1939, in connection with the centenary of the birth of NM Prezhalsky, the city was again renamed by Przhevalsk.